Indian Population In Canada:10 Important Must Know Facts

The Indian population in Canada, yes; in this article, I will tell you about the Indian population in Canada. Indian immigrants are the name given to the Indian population in Canada. These Indian immigrants migrated to Canada for various reasons; these include study, business, family, high profile, job opportunities and many more.

Indian population is very high in every part of states like Ontario, Nova Scotia, British Columbia, Toronto and northwest territories. The Canadian government is very supportive of the Indian population in Canada. The Indian Canadian community felt blessed to have such a wonderful Canadian government.

The entire Indian Canadian community is the community of those people who have Indian origin, but now they have green cards in Canada. Indio Canadian provinces or the Indo-Canadian population in Canada increased mostly due to the unemployment in their own country.


The Indian Canadian community began the Indian population in Canada, which increased around the year before the 20th century. The majority of the population which started increasing in Canada is the Punjabi Sikhs, and that too is mostly from the farming background, with some Punjabi Muslims and Punjabi Hindus.

And among all these, many are veterans of the British army. At first, Canada was part of the British Empire. Everyone knew that India had been under the British army for several years; Indians were also referring to the British subjects.

In 1858, Queen Victoria finally proclaimed that the empire and the people of India would enjoy equal privilege at that time, without being discriminated against based on their colour, creed and race.

The Indian immigrants follow the Indian heritage and cultural practices in Canada, and Indian Canadians have their own rights, which support their self-respect in the Canadian provinces.

When Queen Victoria gave her diamond Jubilee in London at that time, due to the honour, the Sikh soldiers participated in the parade to celebrate her success and happiness. On their journey home, British Columbia, because of their very sparse population at the time, the Canadian government urgently needed a settlement to prevent a takeover of their territory by the united nation.

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These Punjabi Sikhs who are the army at that time, after their retirement, some soldiers found their passion and some did not, but their passion was not adequate, they decided to stay there only and try their fortunes with Canada. These men join the Indian diaspora, which mostly includes the people from South Asians, the East Indies, the Philippines and China.

Some were able to find a new jobs, and some started working as watchmen for British firms. Some also started a small business of their own. They started earning some wages from these small jobs, and these small wages in Canada are very high according to the Indian currency. Slowly, they got some permanent jobs, and some companies and agents guaranteed jobs in the Canadian pacific railway and Hudson’s Bay Company.

Now, they are settled in Canada and very much aware of Canada, so they ended letters to their homes in India recommending them to come to the New World.

But at first, the white people did not treat this entire Indian Canadian community well, so some decided to return to India and would only find new jobs in India. The Canadian population generally discriminates against the Indian subcontinent based on skin colour and the Canadian population; the Canadian government also set some quotas for the Indian immigrating population in Canada in the 20th century.

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This was according to the policy that made the Canadian government retain their primarily European demographic, which was similar to the Australian and American immigration policies at that time.

These quotas for Indian descent only allowed around 100 people from India in 1957, which marginally increased to 300 in a year. But apart from this, on the one hand, the Indian population in Canada had a specific quota, but the Christian population did not have any such quotas, and they were free to immigrate at that time. The Indian Canadians at that time had to follow many rules. Still, it was not similar to the Christian population, and the Canadian population treated the Christian community respectfully.

1. Canadian Government

Canada is a country which is a constitutional monarchy. The reigning monarch is the titular head in Canada, generally represented by a governor-general. However, Canada is now an independent country which was established in the year 1867 by British North American Act. The self-governing British dominion did this act.

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2. India Population In Canada

Indian communities, or the Indians residing in Canada, who are mostly young Indian tech workers, who are living in Canada are referred to as the Indian population in Canada. These indigenous peoples, or the Indian Canadians, now have registered Indian status and live in Canadian provinces.

The south Asian population or the Indian immigrants mostly migrate to Canada due the education or job; because Canada provides excellent facilities and a dedication system to international students, this Canadian population treats the south Asian population equally to them without any discrimination.

Some of the Indian immigrating peoples are now permanent residents in Canada. These permanent residents are very operative and also support the new immigrants in Canada.

3. Indian Immigrants

Canada is the first nation in the world with the largest Indian Canadian population; in the year 2021, around 100,000 Indians will become permanent residents of Canada. Right now, around 405,000 new immigrants are admitted to the country.

4. Indo- Canadian

Indian Canadians, or the Indo-Canadian population, are the Canadians with their ancestors belonging to India. These words, the Indo-Canadian or the East Indian population in Canada, are also sometimes used to address the Indian population in Canada to cancel the confusion among the Indigenous origin peoples of Canada.

Indian-origin Canadians sometimes also comprise a subgroup of south Asian Canadians, further divided into the subgroup of Asian Canadians. According to the statistics in Canada, the Indian population of the Indian Canadian is one of the fastest growing communities in Canada. And on the other hand, the second fastest growing community is the largest non-European group after the Chinese Canadians.

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Canada is a country which is having the eighth largest Indian population in Canada. The highest or the maximum concentration of the population of registered Indian-origin Canadians is found in the provinces of Ontario, the greater Toronto area, British Columbia, Alberta and Quebec, with the majority of them considered foreign-born.

5. Entire Indian Canadian Community

The Canadian government has given equal rights to each and every citizen, irrespective of their religion, caste, creed and colour. The rule and regulations in Canada are equal for all. And the Canadian government has given all the necessary rites to the Indian Canadians. Indian Canadians are those who are basically the Indian origin but are not permanent residents in Canada.

This entire community has all the rights like freedom of speech and all. This community also has the writing to practice their rituals and celebrate their own festivals without fear. They have the freedom to visit religious places like gurdwara and temples.

Canada also has many temples and gurdwara in cities like Nova Scotia and Vancouver.

6. Indian Settlement

The majority of the South Asian population in Canada is of Indian origin. This started in 1897; then, Canada had only an Indian population of around 100 people of Punjabi Sikh origin. The first relatively major and important wave of south Asian immigrants, almost all men, arrived in Vancouver in 1903.

These south Asian populations had heard from the British Indian troops in Hong Kong, who travelled through Canada the year before celebrating the coronation of Edward.

On the arrival of the BC, the immigrants faced a lot of widespread racism from the Canadian population in Canada. And at that time, according to the statistics of Canada, most of the Canadian provinces thought that south Asian workers would work for less pay. They also threatened them with their jobs. As a result, the race riots targeted the Indian population, Indian immigrants, and other Asian groups.

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A very important and notable moment in Indo-Canadian history occurred in 1902 when the Punjabi Sikh population in Canada settlers first arrived in Golden, British Columbia, searching for work at the Columbia River Lumber Company. These early Punjabi Sikh populations in Canada built the first gurdwara in North America in 1905, which was later destroyed in 1926.

The second gurdwara, built in Canada, was in 1908 in Kitsilano, which is in Vancouver, that gurudwara aimed to serve the growing communities of Punjabi Sikhs, who worked at nearby sawmills at that time.

The Gurdwara was later demolished in the year 1970 by the temple society, and the gurdwara was related to the new place at ross street in south Vancouver. The oldest existing and working gurdwara in Canada is the Guru Sikh Temple, which is located in Abbotsford in British Columbia. This gurdwara was built in 1911, and the temple was designated as a national historic site in Canada in 2002.

This gurdwara is still working and supports the mixed European non-resident Indians and tens of thousands of registered Indian and south Asians. However, this gurudwara is open to all, irrespective of caste, religion and colour.

After this, very soon, the fourth gurdwara was built in Canada and was established at Fraser Mills in the year 1919.

Due to high Canadian wages, migrants temporarily had their Indians residing in Indian states and migrated to Canada in search of employment. In the year between 1906 to 1907, a spike of migrants took place from the Indian subcontinent to British Columbia. When around 4,700 Indians arrived, and at the same time, the Chinese and Japanese spike also arrived; their number increased at that time. This rapid and fast increase in immigration of around 5,209 by the end of 1908. And to control the situation, over 125 south Asians were permitted to land in BC in the next few years.

According to the Canada and Canadian census statistics, this year was the most immigration in Canadian provinces.

7. Indian Population In Canada From Other Countries

According to the Canadian Census, Canada is the largest Indian Canadian population country, with many registered Indians. These Indians in Canada are not only from the Indian states. These registered Indians are from other countries as well. Due to a reliable route to Canada, they immigrated to Canada in search of employment.

7.01. Indians From Africa

Due to prejudice, many Indians residing in Africa in countries like Kenya, Tanzania, and Angola left Africa and migrated to Canada and other western countries. Most Indo-Canadians who migrated from southeast Africa are Islamic Muslims or Gujarati Indians.

Deepak Obhrai was the first person of India- African Canadians to become part of the parliament in Canada. He was also the first Hindu appointed to the queen’s privy council for Canada.

7.02. Indians From Caribbean

Indo-Caribbean is the people who have Indian origin or roots in India. They have a cultural blend of both Indians and the Caribbean. The Indo- Caribbean Indians are mostly settled in Toronto or Calgary. These Indians in Canada associate themselves with both India and the Caribbean.

7.03. Indians From US And UK

These registered Indians in Canada migrated through the United Kingdom and the United States due to some issues like family reasons as well as economic issues. First, they migrated themselves to Canada, started their work, and after the full and ensured settlement; they also migrated their families with them.

7.04. Indians From The Middle East

Most registered Indians from the middle east are Indian businessmen and professionals; they usually work in the middle eastern countries, including Toronto, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The priority of Indians from the middle east is education and their children’s post-schooling.

They are considered the aboriginal peoples, and these aboriginal peoples speak the aboriginal peoples’ mother tongue. These aboriginal peoples are very different and unique.

8. Culture

Indians have the full right to celebrate their festivals and cultural events in Canada. The country supports everyone’s traditional values and culture. Life in Canada for the Indians is the same as the life they might live in India.

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According to the Indian Act and Multiculturalism, everyone in Canada feels equal and privileged; they have the freedom to celebrate their festivals. Also, from the offices, they got the holiday for the same.

The Indian community’s culture can thrive in Canada due to the freedom of establishing the structure and institutions for their religious worship, cultural practice and social interaction. The languages like Punjabi, Hindi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam and Bengali are spoken in Canada by the Indian population.

9. Indian Population In Canada In 2022

Most of the Indian population resides in Toronto and Calgary; here are some statistics that will help us understand how integral is Indian population in Canada. These statistics will also help to differentiate how many Indian services contribute to Canada’s economy.

As per the Ministry of External affairs, there are around 3.2 crores of Non-Resident Indians, which are residing outside of India.

In 2018 According to the Ministry of foreign affairs, almost 1689055 registered Indians reside in Canada.

9.01. Indo-Canadian Population In Canada In the Year 2022

According to the Canadian census in the year 2016, South Asians are around 1,924,653 in numbers, which is almost 5.60% of the overall  Canadian population. And according to the Canadian census in 2016, there were almost 1,374,710 Indians in Canada, which was almost 4% of the Canadian population.

In Ontario, almost 774,495 registered Indians are there. If we talk about British Columbia, there are almost 309,315 registered Indians; now, let’s talk about Alberta, where around 174,505 registered Indians are present.

Quebec has 51,650 registered Indians, yet, on the other hand, Manitoba has 51,650 registered Indians.

9.02. Religion Of Indian Population In Canada

According to the statistics, Canada has the most diverse religious backgrounds. Which mainly have Muslims, Christians and Sikhs along with Hindus. According to the statistics, there are 35% Sikhs in Canada. Statistics also tell that there are 28% Hindus in Canada.

If we talk about Muslims and Christians, then according to the statistics, there are 17% Muslims and 16% Christians.

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9.03. Language Of Indian Population In Canada

According to the statistics, Canada is among the first nations in the world other than India, with a very large population diversity and different mother tongues. Statistics say that around 543,495 population in Canada are Punjabi speaking. Statistics also say that Canada has 243,090 people who speak Urdu and 157,125 peoples who speak Tamil.

Although these statistics are now changing daily due to the increasing number of the Indian population in Canada, these statistics are ever-changing and are not permanent.

10. Cities In Which Indian Immigrants Shifted

There are many cities in which Indians and other immigrants are shifted. But mainly there are 5 cities in which these people shift. Those cities are Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary, The GTA and Edmonton. Let’s discuss the reason in detail.

10.1 Toronto

Toronto is the main attraction for immigrants. Toronto is multicultural because many people from different countries have shifted here. There are many reasons students shift here, like many colleges and universities.

Toronto is also Canada’s economic engine and is another reason people shift to this city.

10.2 Vancouver

The first Indian immigrants came to India to visit Vancouver city and settled here. Now there are more than 125,000 Indian citizens settled here. This city is famous for the film industry. It offers many employment opportunities in the film industry, visual effect industry and the fields related to the film industry.

Besides the film industry, this city has well-developed health care, financial services, engineering and construction industry.

10.3 Calgary

Calgary is a metropolitan city in Canada. Many Indian immigrants come here and settle here. The first reason is the employment facilities which it provides in the field of engineering and construction.

The other main reason is it is less expensive than other metropolitan cities in Canada. So, it comes to the top of the list of Indian immigrants.

10.4 The GTA

GTA stands for Greater Toronto Area. It is the heartland of Canada city. GTA has many tech companies which offer job opportunities and internship programs for freshers and experienced workers. This is the main reason for the shifting of immigrants to this city.

10.5 Edmonton

Edmonton is a big city in Canada. It is very famous for the Fringe festival celebrated here. This city is an oil hub. Many people who want to build their carrier in the oil industry stay here. There are many companies that offer internship and job opportunities for college students and freshers.

Final Note

The Indian population in Canada is the population of Indian origin who are living in Canada. Canada is having the largest Indian Canadian population. The Indo Canadians, non-resident Indians, Indians in Canada or the permanent residence along with northwest territories, lower mainland are mostly settled in the greater Toronto area and Calgary. The total population of registered Indian and Indians in Canada is increasing daily.

The Indians in Canada or the Indo Canadians have a stunning increase due to employment and education. The registered Indians or the Indo Canadians are generally those Indians whose family has been settled in Canada for years.

These Indo-Canadians and Indians in Canada now have full freedom to organize their community events and other Canadians. The situation is not like this from starting, but now the Indians in Canada and Indian states or country India have their rights there in Canada also. People of Canada have accepted the Indian population and live friendly with them. 

Now there is no discrimination against any person in Canada, and they also used to celebrate their festivals together, whether that festival belongs to India or Canada. 

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