What is the Highest Population of British Columbia in 2022?

 If you are wondering what is the highest population of British Columbia, dive into this article to learn more.

What Is the Highest Population of British Columbia?

British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada. It lies between the continental divide of the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada.

what is the highest population of british columbia
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The region has a diverse geography and is teeming with rugged terrains. These terrains range from rocky coastlines, inland deserts, sandy beaches, forests, lakes, mountains, and grassy plains. British Columbia is a diverse and cosmopolitan area, drawing on a plethora of cultural influences from its British, European, and Asian diasporas, as well as the local Indigenous population. 

Around 10 of the top 100 neighborhoods for the most promising growth in Canada are located in British Columbia. The millions of people inhabiting British Columbia make up just over 13% of the population of the nation of Canada, living in an area of around 944,735 square kilometers.

The British Columbia population density is 4.8 people per square kilometer. However, the population count increases towards the farther south, primarily due to the severe climate in the north of the province. Let us try to find out what is the highest population of British Columbia.


British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada. Situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains, British Columbia has myriad topography. It fringes the Canadian province of Alberta to the east and the Canadian region of Yukon to the north. 

The capital of British Columbia is Victoria. However, its largest city is Vancouver. It ranks third on the list of the largest metropolitan areas in Canada. According to the 2021 census, 2,642,825 people were recorded in Metro Vancouver. The prevalence of the population lives in the Vancouver Island, Lower Mainland, and Okanagan areas. In addition, the biggest municipality is the city of Vancouver. These details help answer the question of “what is the highest population of British Columbia”?

British Columbia is bordered by the Pacific Ocean and Alaska on the western side. To the north of British Columbia lies Yukon. The province of Alberta lies to the east and the American states in the south. Several parts of the north have sub-arctic climates. While, the southern areas, especially the coastal areas, are typically warmer. The land area of British Columbia is 944,735 square kilometers.

The coastline of British Columbia stretching over 27,000 kilometers in length is rugged and mountainous. There are several mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands. Vast areas of western Vancouver Island and the adjoining coast are obscured by temperate rainforest. The most populous city is Vancouver, which is at the confluence of the Fraser River and Georgia Strait. 

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The topography of the mainland of British Columbia away from the coastal region is quite moderated by the Pacific Ocean. The terrain ranges from dry inland forests and semi-arid valleys to canyons, boreal forests, and subarctic prairie. High mountain regions have subalpine flora and subalpine climates. The Southern Interior cities have some of the warmest summer climates in Canada. The Interior Plateau, on the other hand, is vastly covered by semi-desert grasslands. 


The climate of British Columbia varies dramatically across the province due to the presence of extensive mountain ranges. Coastal southern British Columbia has a mild oceanic climate, influenced by the North Pacific Current. Hucuktlis Lake on Vancouver Island receives heavy rainfall, and some parts are classified as the warm-summer Mediterranean. The climate is a major factor in deciding what is the highest population of British Columbia.

Due to the blocking presence of successive mountain ranges, the climate of some of the interior valleys of the province is semi-arid with certain locations receiving scanty amounts of annual precipitation. The valleys of the Southern Interior have short winters with infrequent heavy snow.

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In Cariboo, in the Central Interior, the temperatures are colder due to the increase in altitude and latitude. Small towns in the southern interior with high elevations are typically colder and snowier than cities in the valleys. Heavy snowfall occurs in all mountainous terrain making them a haven for skiers in the south and central regions of British Columbia. Highways and mountain pass in the area experience freezing rain and fog in addition to snowfall. 

Winters are generally severe in the Northern Interior. The coldest temperature in British Columbia was recorded in the Smith River. During winter on the coast, rainfall overwhelms because of consistent barrages of cyclonic low-pressure systems from the North Pacific. Average snowfall and below-freezing temperatures are predominant in the coastal areas during winters. 

Coastal areas generally enjoy milder and drier climates during summer under the influence of stable anti-cyclonic high pressure. Southern Interior valleys are hot in summer making it the hottest month of any location in Canada. The extended summer dryness often leads to forest fires.


The name British Columbia of the province was chosen by Queen Victoria. The name was chosen when the Colony of British Columbia became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, in south-eastern British Columbia. Queen Victoria chose the name to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from the United States.

The first known human inhabitants of the area arrived on this land at least 10,000 years ago. They are historically referred to as the First Nations. They were mainly comprised of the Coast Salish, Tsilhqotʼin, and Haida people, among many others.

One of the first settlements of the British in the region was Fort Victoria. Fort Victoria was established in 1843. This is the foundation that went on to give rise to the city of Victoria, which was the first capital of the Colony of Vancouver Island. 

The Colony of British Columbia was henceforward founded on the mainland by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment. It held great importance in the years 1858 to 1866 in the times of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. 

Historically, Governor James Douglas designated Fort Langley as the acting capital of the new colony. However, Moody established a new capital north of the Fraser River the subsequent year. This was named New Westminster by Queen Victoria. 

The unification of the colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia was achieved in the year 1866. Subsequently, the mainland colony’s name was inherited, and Victoria was chosen as the united colony’s capital. British Columbia became part of the Confederation as the sixth state of Canada in the year 1871.

British Columbia has a multifarious and myriad cultures and topography. The variety is drawn from a plethora of influences from the cultures of its settlers from Britain, Europe, and Asia, as well as the local Indigenous population.

The ethnic majority of British Columbia originates from the British Isles. Considerable British Columbian citizens can also delineate their origins back to oriental China, and South Asia, as well as continental Europe. Furthermore, indigenous Canadians make up a small percentage of the total population of the region. These variations in the backgrounds of people help analyze the question of “what is the highest population of British Columbia”?

British Columbia Population

To answer the question – what is the highest population of British Columbia- we must delve into the statistics. The Statistics of Canada in the 2021 Canadian census registered a population estimate of 5,000,879 in British Columbia. This makes British Columbia the third-most populous province in Canada, after Ontario and Quebec. British Columbia has a population estimate of 5.2 million as of 2021.

Making it the third-most populous region in Canada. British Columbia’s population amounted to 13 percent of the total population. The area hosts the third-most populous city in Canada, Vancouver. 

Today, British Columbia’s capital city is Victoria which is one of the 10 largest cities on the continent. British Columbia is a thirteenth provisional region of Canada located in western Canada whose surface is about 922,503 square kilometers. According to data collected for 2016, Vancouver is the most populated city.

The statistics in Canada classify them by population – the population is a requirement of more than 1,000 inhabitants, with a population density of not less than 400 people. Montréal has the greatest number of residents compared to other cities in British Columbia.

British Columbia Population Growth

Looking back at British Columbia’s population over the past decade it has seen strong growth from 1.03% to 1.11%, adding around 47980 people to the overall population. Many people moved to Canada to find jobs. This move contributed to population density growth.

British Columbia is popular with many immigrant residents. British Columbia saw its strongest population growth in 2012 (11.3 %). British Columbia’s population increased by 4.64% between 2012 and 2016. According to a study, British Columbia’s population is expected to reach about 5.5m people in 2022. Calculations are based on a growth rate of 1.07 percent in the past 10 years from 2011.

British Columbia’s Economy

The economy of British Columbia is primarily based on forestry, mining, cinematography, filmmaking, tourism, real estate, construction, wholesale, and retail. The main exports of British Columbia include lumber and timber, pulp and paper products, copper, coal, and natural gas. British Columbia is widely considered to be Canada’s most expensive province to live in.

British Columbia profits from elevated property values. It is also a major center for maritime trade. The largest port in Canada is the Port of Vancouver. It is also one of the most diversified ports in North America. Although less than 5 percent of the province’s territory is arable land, noteworthy farming exists in the Fraser Valley. The region of Okanagan is also fertile enough for agriculture due to the warmer climate. British Columbia is the fourth-largest territory by GDP.

Here are 5 Amazing Things to Know about the Minimum Wage in British Columbia.

The population density in British Columbia has increased remarkably fast over the past years. In an age of a rising population, the pressure of environmental issues can increase. The indicator provides information about the population size and the distribution across the province and regional districts. The economy is an important decider of the question of what is the highest population of British Columbia?

Cities in British Columbia

Half of the British Columbia population lives in the Metro Vancouver Regional District with adjacent unincorporated areas represented in the regional district as the electoral area known as Greater Vancouver Electoral Area. There are seventeen Indian reserves in the metropolitan area. However, these are beyond the jurisdiction of the regional district, therefore are not represented in its government.

Here is a list of the 7 Best Place To Live On Vancouver Island.

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The southern tip of Vancouver Island is made up of the 13 municipalities of Greater Victoria, Victoria, Saanich, Esquimalt, Oak Bay, View Royal, Highlands, Colwood, Langford, Central Saanich, North Saanich, Sidney, Metchosin, Sooke. These are all part of the Capital Regional District. 

The cities of Victoria and Vancouver represent nearly 15% of the total population. This city is situated on the northern tip of Vancouver Island off the Pacific Coast. Victoria has a population estimate of 83,000. While Greater Victoria is estimated to have around 458 thousand citizens making it the fifth most populous urban area in Canada. Victoria has a dense population of 10,642 per square kilometer. Vancouver is the largest city in British Columbia, which has around 610,000 inhabitants. The cities and their lifestyles decide the question – what is the population of British Columbia.

British Columbia Population Demographics

Christianity is the most subscribed religion. About 35% of the population of British Columbian citizens proclaim to have no religious affiliations. Closer to national averages are Protestant numbers with 31% and this compares with 29% overall in the United States. Another large portion, 17%, are those of Catholic households. The backgrounds of the people help in deciding “what is the highest population of British Columbia”.

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The figure was lower compared to the national average, which grew from 33% onwards. The majority opt to express themselves as Canadians. Only 4% consider they have the same ethnicity. It is important to note that almost 50% of residents are British. The religious and cultural beliefs of people help in deciding “what is the highest population of British Columbia”.

English is the common language of the province. Moreover, Punjabi, Mandarin Chinese, and Cantonese also have a considerable presence in the Metro Vancouver region. Furthermore, approximately 72,000 British Columbian citizens assert French as the mother tongue. British Columbia has at least 34 distinguishable Indigenous languages.

Indigenous Societies

British Columbia had the densest aboriginal population in Canada before colonization by the British. As mentioned earlier, British Columbia is home to more than 200 First Nations groups. These groups have a resonant history with a substantial number of indigenous tongues.

Before contact with non-Aboriginal people, human history is known from oral histories of First Nations groups, archeological investigations, and early records from explorers encountering societies early in the period. They add to the question -“what is the highest population of British Columbia?”

Up until 5,000 years ago, the main social structure was formed by Hunter-gatherer families. The majority of the population was nomadic, living in non-permanent establishments. The main food source included foraged nuts, berries, and edible roots. Hunting and trapping wild animals for food and furs were also prevalent.

Around 5,000 years ago, local resources became the main focus. The people of Coast Salish had created complex land management practices related to the soundness and solidity of the ecosystem. Forest gardens on the northwest coast of Canada included crabapple, hazelnut, cranberry, wild plum, and wild cherry species. Thus, with time a more sedentary lifestyle came into being. This allowed the indigenous populations to evolve their traditions and customs over the years.

To the northwest of the province are the people of the Na-Dene languages. This includes the Athapaskan-speaking people and the Tlingit, who lived on the islands of southern Alaska and northern British Columbia. In the Interior of British Columbia dwelled the Salishan language groups such as the Shuswap (Secwepemc), Okanagan, and Athabaskan language classes.

The vales of the British Columbia Coast sheltered large distinctive populations of the Haida, Kwakwaka’wakw, and Nuu-chah-nulth. They thrived on the abundant salmon and shellfish of the region. These peoples developed complex cultures dependent on the western red cedar that included wooden houses, seagoing whaling, war canoes, and elaborately carved potlatch items and totem poles.

Europeans carried a string of devastating epidemics of ailments from Europe. As the indigenous people had no immunity against these foreign ailments, widespread death and suffering followed. A dramatic population collapse was noticed in this era. The death toll pinnacled in the 1862 Smallpox outbreak in Victoria. European settlement spurred the downfall of the remaining native population of British Columbia. To own the land territory, the people of the First Nations were forcibly relocated onto reserves.

Food Habits

Plant foods traditionally contributed only a part of the total food intake of coastal First Nations peoples of British Columbia, though they contributed to most of the material goods produced. Among the plant foods used, berries, some roots (for example the Camas Lily – part of the Camassia family), cambium noodles (inner bark of hemlock), and seaweeds were important. Many of these still hold an important place in the local cuisine.

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Traditionally, animal products were far more important than plant foods in terms of the quantity consumed. However, lots of nutritional diversity was provided by native plants that contributed to the fitness of the First Nations people of British Columbia. The food culture is a major decision-maker in the question -“what is the highest population of British Columbia?”

Parks And Protected Areas

In the province of British Columbia, 14 different parks and protected areas are identified officially. They reflect the different administrations and creation of these areas in a modern context. 12.5 percent of the province’s area is considered protected under one of the 14 different designations that include over 800 distinct areas. There are 141 ecological reserves, 35 provincial marine parks, 7 provincial heritage sites, 6 National Historic Sites of Canada, 4 national parks, and 3 reserves. 

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British Columbia incorporates seven national parks and National Park Reserves of Canada. These include:

  • Glacier National Park
  • Gulf Islands National Park Reserve
  • Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve 
  • Kootenay National Park
  • Mount Revelstoke National Park
  • Pacific Rim National Park Reserve
  • Yoho National Park

The provincial parks of British Columbia are run under the aegis of the Ministry of Environment. British Columbia’s provincial parks system is the second largest parks system in Canada after the National Parks system of Canada. The regional parks of British Columbia are sustained and run by the regional districts of the province. While the forest recreation sites are operated by the Ministry of Forests.

The Agricultural Land Reserve protects around 47,000 square kilometers of arable land. These living conditions and food resources are major points in answering the question -“what is the highest population of British Columbia?”

British Columbia Population of Animals

Since much of British Columbia is undeveloped, many mammalian species still flourish in British Columbia that has otherwise become rare in the United States. Wildlife plays a great role in answering the question of what is the highest population of British Columbia by deciding the density of people in certain areas.

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Animal and bird watching in the region have long been popular among tourists and locals alike. Various species of bears, such as grizzly, black, and the Kermode bear or spirit bear, are found in this region. Other animals such as deer, elk, moose, caribou, coyotes, wolves, cougars, mountain goats, marmots, beavers, and muskrats are also found widespread in the region. Several species of birds such as eagles, ospreys, herons, Canada geese, swans, hawks, owls, ravens, harlequin ducks, and smaller birds also abound. 

Here is a list of the Top 10 Beautiful Birds of British Columbia.

Murrelets from Frederick Island off the coast of Haida Gwaii are also famous. Several populations of fish are present, such as several species of salmon, trout, and char. Sport-fishers in British Columbia also catch halibut, steelhead, bass, and sturgeon. On the coast, harbor seals and river otters are typical. All of these and more decide what is the highest population of British Columbia?

Cetacean species native to the coast comprise of orca, humpback whale, grey whale, harbor porpoise, Pacific white-sided dolphin, and minke whale. Several endangered species in British Columbia includes Vancouver Island marmot, spotted owl, American white pelican, and badgers. 


There is a large forest cover in the area of British Columbia. Common types of trees present in the forests of British Columbia include varieties of cedar, Rocky Mountain juniper, several different species of pine, Western larch, Tamarack, Alpine larch, myriad variations of spruce, and fir.

Medicinal plants such as Western hemlock and Mountain hemlock are also found. Yew, dogwood, maple, hawthorn, and oak are some of the huge trees in the area. Pacific crab apple, Chokecherry, Pin cherry, Bitter cherry, Red alder, Mountain alder, Paper birch, Water birch, Black cottonwood, Balsam poplar, Trembling aspen.

Of the 14 biogeoclimatic zones, White spruce and its hybrids occur in 12 zones of British Columbia. The spread of forests and trees is a major decision-maker in answering the question -“what is the highest population of British Columbia?”

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British Columbia is subdivided into six ecozones by Environment Canada. These are as follows:

  • Pacific Marine
  • Pacific Maritime
  • Boreal Cordillera
  • Montane Cordillera
  • Taiga Plains
  • Boreal Plains Ecozones.

Several different features of the myriad province of British Columbia affects its trends in population. Consider this article to be an answer to the question – what is the highest population of British Columbia? However, with all things in consideration, it is one of the most beautiful places for work and life. zones of British Columbia. 

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