What is the Highest Population of British Columbia

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 If you are wondering what is the highest population of British Columbia, dive into this article to learn more.

What Is the Highest Population of British Columbia?

Canada’s westernmost province is British Columbia. It is situated halfway between the Rocky Oceans with continental divides. Canada added British Columbia as its sixth province.

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The area has a varied geography and is full of rough terrain. These landscapes include mountainous interiors, rocky coastlines, sandy beaches, lakes, woods, and grassy plains. British Columbia is a diverse and cosmopolitan region that has benefited from the diasporas of the British, European, and Asian peoples and the indigenous people living there.

British Columbia consists about 10 of Canada’s top 100 neighborhoods with the most promising growth prospects. British Columbia has millions of people residing in it, who account for slightly over 13% of all Canadians, and occupy an area of around 944,735 square kilometers.

The population density in British Columbia is 4.8 persons per square kilometer. But as you move further south, more people live there because of the harsh climate.


Canada’s westernmost province is British Columbia. The terrain in British Columbia, which is bounded by the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains, is diverse. It borders both the Canadian territory of Yukon and the Canadian province of Alberta to the east and north, respectively.

Victoria serves as British Columbia’s capital. Vancouver, though, is the largest city there. It comes in third place on the list of Canada’s largest metropolitan areas. 2,642,825 individuals were counted in Metro Vancouver as of the 2021 census. Most people live in the Lower Mainland, Vancouver Island, and Okanagan regions. Vancouver is also the municipality with the largest population. 

Alaska and the Pacific Ocean encircle British Columbia on its western side. Yukon is to the north of British Columbia. The American states are to the south, while the province of Alberta is to the east. The north contains many regions with sub-arctic climates. While it tends to be warmer in the south, particularly along the coast. 944,735 square kilometers make up British Columbia’s land area.

Over 27,000 kilometers of British Columbia’s coastline are made up of rocky, hilly terrain. There are roughly 6,000 islands and many rugged fjords. Temperate rainforest covers a substantial portion of western Vancouver Island and the nearby coast. The city with the largest population is Vancouver, where the Georgia Strait and the Fraser River meet.

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Away from the shore, the topography of British Columbia’s mainland is greatly softened by the Pacific Ocean. The landscape varies from canyons, boreal woods, and subarctic plains to dry inland forests, semiarid valleys, etc. Subalpine temperatures and subalpine plants are found in high mountain locations. Some of Canada’s warmest summer climates can be found in the southern interior cities. On the other hand, the Interior Plateau is largely covered by semi-arid grasslands.


As a result of the vast mountain ranges that the province of British Columbia is home to, the climate differs significantly from one region to another. The North Pacific Current impacts the mild oceanic environment of southern British Columbia’s coastline. On Vancouver Island, Hucuktlis Lake experiences significant rainfall, and some areas are considered to have warm-summer Mediterranean climates. British Columbia’s population density is significantly influenced by the climate.

The climate of sections of the province’s inner valleys is semi-arid, with certain places receiving only sporadic quantities of precipitation each year, as a result of the blocking presence of succeeding mountain ranges. Short winters with infrequent heavy snowfall characterise the Southern Interior valleys.

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Due to the increase in height and latitude, the climate in Cariboo, in the Central Interior, is colder. Smaller cities in valleys tend to be warmer and snowier than high-elevation small towns in the southern core. In the south and centre of British Columbia, mountainous terrain receives a lot of snowfall, making it a refuge for skiers. Along with snowfall, the region’s highways and mountain passes also encounter freezing rain and fog.

The Northern Interior typically experiences harsh winters. The Smith River in British Columbia had the lowest recorded temperature. The North Pacific’s constant onslaught of cyclonic low-pressure systems during the winter causes excessive rainfall along the coast. Average snowfall and below-freezing temperatures are predominant in the coastal areas during winter. 

Summertime coastal regions typically get milder and drier weather thanks to a persistent anticyclonic high-pressure system. The hottest month in Canada is summer, which is particularly hot in the southern interior valleys. Forest fires are frequently a result of prolonged summer dryness.


The province was given the name British Columbia by Queen Victoria. When British Columbia became a colony in 1858, the name was decided upon. The area in southeast British Columbia that the Columbia River drains is the Columbia District in Britain.

Richard Clement Moody and the Columbia Detachment of the Royal Engineers subsequently established the Colony of British Columbia on the mainland. During the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush in the years 1858 to 1866, it was of utmost significance.

Fort Langley was historically named the temporary capital of the new colony by Governor James Douglas. The following year, however, Moody founded a new capital north of the Fraser River. New Westminster was the title given by Queen Victoria.

In the year 1866, the colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island were merged. As a result, Victoria was selected as the unified colony’s capital, and the name of the mainland colony was inherited. In 1871, British Columbia, the sixth state in Canada, joined the Confederation.

The topography and cultures of British Columbia are diverse and many. The diversity is derived from a wide range of influences, including the cultures of its early settlers from Britain, Europe, and Asia and the local Indigenous population.

British Columbia’s ethnic majority is of British Isles descent. Numerous residents of British Columbia can trace their ancestry to continental Europe, South Asia, and eastern China. 

British Columbia Population

To know the British Columbia population, we must delve into the statistics. British Columbia had an estimated population of 5,000,879 according to Statistics Canada’s 2021 Canadian census. After Ontario and Quebec, British Columbia is the province in Canada with the third-highest population. By 2021, there will be an estimated 5.2 million people living in British Columbia.

Consequently, it is Canada’s third-most populous area. 13 percent of the total population was based in British Columbia. Vancouver, Canada’s third-most populous city, is located in the region.

Victoria, one of the ten largest cities on the continent, is the present-day capital of British Columbia. The western Canadian province of British Columbia, which is the thirteenth provisional region in Canada, has a surface area of around 922,503 square kilometres. Vancouver is the city with the most inhabitants, according to data gathered in 2016.

Statistics in Canada categorise them based on population; the population must consist of at least 1,000 people and have a population density of at least 400. Among all the cities in British Columbia, Montréal has the most inhabitants.

British Columbia Population Growth

British Columbia’s population has experienced significant increase during the past ten years, going from 1.03% to 1.11%, or an addition of almost 47980 individuals to the total population. To find work, many people relocated to Canada. This action increased population density.

British Columbia is well-liked by its immigrant population. In 2012, British Columbia experienced the highest population growth (11.3%). Between 2012 and 2016, British Columbia’s population grew by 4.64%. British Columbia’s population is projected to grow to nearly 5.5 million people by 2022, per a study. Based on data from 2011, calculations assume a growth rate of 1.07 percent over the previous ten years.

British Columbia’s Economy

Forestry, mining, tourism, cinematography, filmmaking, real estate, construction, wholesale, and retail make up the majority of British Columbia’s economy. Lumber and timber, coal, pulp and paper products, copper are some of British Columbia’s top exports. The most costly province to live in in Canada is generally thought to be British Columbia.

Property value increases are profitable for British Columbia. A significant maritime commerce hub is located there as well. The Port of Vancouver is Canada’s biggest port. Additionally, it is among the most varied ports in North America. Due to the warmer climate, the Okanagan region is also fruitful enough for agriculture.

Here are 5 Amazing Things to Know about the Minimum Wage in British Columbia.

British Columbia’s population density has grown surprisingly quickly in recent years. Environmental concerns can exert more pressure in a time of expanding populations. The indicator gives details on the size and distribution of the population across the province and its regional districts. 

Cities in British Columbia

The Greater Vancouver Electoral Area, which includes neighbouring unincorporated areas and represents the Metro Vancouver Regional District, is home to half of British Columbia’s population. In the metro area, there are seventeen Indian reservations. However, because they fall beyond the regional district’s purview, they are not represented in its administration.

Here is a list of the 7 Best Place To Live On Vancouver Island.

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The 12 municipalities of Greater Victoria are –

  • Victoria
  • Saanich
  • Esquimalt
  • Oak Bay
  • View Royal
  • Highlands
  • Colwood, Langford
  • Central Saanich
  • North Saanich
  • Sidney
  • Metchosin
  • Sooke

More than 15% of the population is concentrated in Victoria and Vancouver. This city is located off the coast of the Pacific Ocean on the northernmost point of Vancouver Island. The estimated population of Victoria is 83,000. The fifth-most populous urban area in Canada, Greater Victoria, is thought to contain 458 thousand residents. 10,642 people live in Victoria per square kilometre.

Vancouver is the largest city in British Columbia, and has around 610,000 inhabitants. The cities and their lifestyles decide the question – what is the population of British Columbia?

British Columbia Population Demographics

The religion with the most followers is Christianity. The majority of people in British Columbia—roughly 35%—declare themselves to be atheists. Protestant numbers, at 31%, are more in line with national statistics than the general U.S. population, which is 29%. Catholic households make up 17% of the population.

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The figure was lower compared to the national average, which increased starting at 33%. The majority decide to identify as Canadians. Fewer than 4% of people believe they have the same ethnicity. Almost 50% of the population are Britons, it is crucial to highlight. 

The province’s official language is English. Cantonese, Mandarin Chinese, and Punjabi are also widely spoken in the Metro Vancouver area. In addition, 72,000 people in British Columbia claim French as their native tongue. There are at least 34 distinct Indigenous languages spoken in British Columbia. 

Food Culture

Although they made up the majority of the material products produced, traditionally, plant foods only made up a portion of the overall dietary intake of the coastal First Nations peoples of British Columbia. Berries, various roots (such as the Camas Lily, a member of the Camassia family), cambium noodles (the inner bark of hemlock), and seaweeds were significant plant meals. Many of these continue to play a significant role in regional cuisine.

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When it came to consumption, traditionally, animal items were much more significant than plant foods. Native plants, however, provide a wide variety of nutrients that improved the health of British Columbia’s First Nations people.


British Columbia has a sizable amount of forest cover. Various cedar, Rocky Mountain juniper, various species of pine, Western larch, Tamarack, Alpine larch, numerous variants of spruce, and fir are common tree types found in British Columbian woods.

There are also medicinal plants like Mountain and Western hemlock. Some of the large trees in the area are the yew, dogwood, maple, hawthorn, and oak. Black cottonwood, Balsam poplar, Trembling aspen, Pacific crab apple, Chokecherry, Pin Cherry, Bitter Cherry, Red Alder, Mountain Alder, Paper Birch, Water Birch, and Mountain Alder.

Of the 14 biogeoclimatic zones, White spruce and its hybrids occur in 12 zones of British Columbia.

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British Columbia is subdivided into six ecozones by Environment Canada. These are as follows:

  • Taiga Plains
  • Pacific Marine
  • Montane Cordillera
  • Boreal Plains Ecozones
  • Boreal Cordillera
  • Pacific Maritime

The population patterns of British Columbia are influenced by several various characteristics of the diverse province. Consider this article as an answer to the inquiry, what is the highest population of British Columbia?  But when everything is considered, it is one of the most stunning places to live and work—British Columbia’s regions.

Last Updated on by Apeksha Soni

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1 Comment
  • When I looked at the natural splendor of British Columbia, my opinion was diametrically opposed to what you conveyed. Rocky mountains and wide plains with beautiful pastures, lakes, rivers, and woods make it difficult to realize that most of Canada’s population lives there. Outsiders who come and settle in this portion of Canada would be the only reason. Your logic led me to the same conclusion: many people relocated to Canada to find jobs. This action resulted in increased population density.

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