Royal Botanical Gardens: 3 Important Facts

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Royal Garden, formally known as Kew Garden, Royal Botanical Gardens, is located in the Kew. It is the former royal latest site. In the year 2003, The royal botanical garden was designated and given the status of UNESCO.

The garden is also given the status of (a world heritage site). It is one of the national historic sites now. It is one of the most extensive botanical gardens. The indoor and outdoor displays of the royal botanical gardens are stunning and heartwarming.

The site of the royal gardens was invented in the year 1731 by Louis, also called the Prince of Wales. Augusta. The garden became very famous and a center of attraction under the good management of Sir Joseph from (1772-to 1819), and the collection of plants increased to include more specimens from the whole worldwide. It contains more than 3,400 species of plants. It is a privately owned garden.

Under the management and direction of Sir William Hooker and his beloved son named Joseph Dalton Hooker from 1865 to 1885, the royal botanical gardens or the Kew Garden became a center for research and scientific research. It is also the center for international plant exchange specimens.

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Source: Freepik

History And Origin

In ancient times, the botanical garden was mainly a center for raising fruits, trees, vegetables, and shrubs, as well as herbs used as food and making crude medicines for that time.

After discovering the manuscripts on plants, printing which had been very extensive for centuries became widely circulated, and these were further published as descriptive works called herbals. The herbals and herbalists, in turn, stimulated the founding of the botanical garden.

By the end of the 16th century, there were five botanical gardens in Europe, and by the mid-20th century, there were several hundred botanical gardens. The first two gardens were in Italy at Padua and Pisa.

Kew Gardens is also the plantation of rubber, and it still plays a vital role in research and well in the covid era this place also server as the quarantine center for travelers.

Kew Gardens contain almost 28,680 species from different phyla of living plants. It also has an herbarium that contains approximately  7 million dried species of specimens. It also has its own library of almost around 130,000  periodicals, archived materials, drawings, and prints.

The royal gardens have a collection of tropical succulents, orchids, ferns, and plants of Australia, which are exceptionally rare and fine.

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Photo by Jeffrey Eisen on Unsplash

In the year 1974, the Kew Bank of Seed was established in the royal botanical gardens. In the year 1996, the Bank of seed endeavor grew to become the famous Millennium Bank of seed project.

A seed bank is a storage house where the seed of different plants is collected for later use. It is used to mitigate or cultivate the extinction or rare of valuable and at-risk plants through preservation. Millennium  Bank of Seed of Kew is the biggest or largest wild plants seed bank globally.

  1. By the year 2018, it contained almost 13% of the whole or entire world’s wild plant species, almost holding up to 2.25 billion seeds from the app.
  2. The primary mission of the seed bank is to conserve or protect 25 percent of the entire world’s bankable genera or species of plant by the year 2020.

Sir William designated the Orangery in the year 1761, which is a superb and excellent example and display of Georgian architecture. Newer construction includes the Princess of Wales Conservatory, a visitors center, and the Sir Joseph center Banks for economic botany.

1. Botanical Gardens

It is one of the most extensive botanical gardens. The living collection of the royal botanical garden includes some of the 27,000 taxa, whereas the herbarium is one of the largest in the world.

A botanical garden, or the royal botanical garden, originally is a collection of many living plants. It has around 8.5 million plant specimens. The garden library contains a collection of more than 175,000 prints and drawings of various plants. It is one of the national historic sites in the country.

In today’s era, the concern primarily concerned most botanical gardens with exhibiting very famous ornamental plants.  Thus, the two main and essential functions are blended in the royal botanical garden: taxonomic order and eye appeal. The other thing is to an insofar possible scheme that emphasizes natural relationships.

Plants with medicinal properties are essential in the olden botanical garden, but nowadays they are not given that much attention and the various art forms are also not represented or shown in the contemporary collections of that particular botanical garden.

A display garden mainly concentrated on woody plants is often called a nursery. It is a collection in its own right or a part of a royal botanical garden in Burlington.

A primary objective of oral botanical gardens is to maintain an extensive collection of plants labeled with the standard and scientific names and regions of origin. Plants collected in such royal gardens vary from a few hundred to several thousand kinds, depending on the area, region, and land, along with the financial and scholarly resources of that particular institute.

A botanical garden offers the opportunity for the city dweller parts of the natural environment that they no longer have access to. Botanical gardens offer a mental escape from pressure and suggest new hobbies and interests.

1.01 Rock Garden

The rock garden is situated on the Hamilton board in Canada. The rock garden was inaugurated and opened in 1932, considering the birthplace of the Royal botanical gardens. The Nancy Gordon rock garden and David Braley in 2016 embrace trends in garden management and design while respecting the natural integrity of its heritage.

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Photo by Jeffrey Eisen on Unsplash

1.02 Hendrie Park

Hendrie Park is situated in the Botanical Garden in Burlington, Canada. It has the largest cultivated garden area; Hendrie Park has something for every person who visits here and has a vast diversity of both garden design and plants. The management is very well, and it has a showcase of around 1500 types of plants. Access to Hendrie Park is effortless for any visitor.

1.03 Nature Trails

RBG has more than 27 km of nature trails in Hamilton and Burlington. There are four major main trailheads, with two canoe launch sites. The Royal Gardens are dominated by 900 hectares of nature trails. It is the best place for the western tip.

Changing seasons have played a vital role in nature trails. The nature interpretive center has many exciting places, such as a rock chapel, craft brews, and an underground tunnel. It is the primary center of attractions in Burlington and accepts free admission also. The free admission also allows visiting there. The services provided by RBG are excellent.

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Image From: Shutterstock

1.04 Laking Garden

It is also part of the botanical garden in Burlington in, Canada. The Laking Garden is set on a fertile terraced plains road once a market garden. Laking Garden is the home of RBGs, or we can say it is the RBG center.

The Laking Garden offers a panoramic view of the whole garden, especially spectacular in early mid-June when the peony and iris collections shine. Time is taken to explore how fast the Ontario Gardens mixed medicinal, edible, and ornamental plants in the Heritage Garden. It is also a Mediterranean garden.

1.05 Lake Ontario

It is one of the largest lakes among the five great lakes of North America.  Southwest Canada surrounds Lake Ontario from the north and west and the U.S. from the south and east.

2. Layouts And Facilities

Arboretums and botanical gardens differ from parks in that sense, and they are generally laid out according to the assigned scientific relationships of their plant collections rather than the landscape. Though trees and shrubs are used for landscape, they are arranged in their taxonomic groups, with herbaceous collections.

Botanical gardens are sometimes planned according to the geographical origin of the plants. The layout is small for the unique garden within the more excellent garden, such as iris, rose, rock, wildflower, and Japanese landscape gardens. They may raise in size from a few hectares to several thousand hectares.

Although the layouts preclude arranging plants strictly for their taxonomical relationships, this is still possible for only a few species; for example, the Rosa genus includes many species and hundreds of named artificial species.

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Source: Freepik

The rose family is one of the typical taxonomic groupings for the botanical garden, the same general principle of taxonomic grouping holds for other genera and plant families. There are many other genera also in the rose family (Rosaceae). With their innumerable cultivars and species.

The botanical garden’s nature is excellent, and different types of flowers bloom in different seasons. The flower blooms are beautiful and are from different and from different plants. The gardens are the best site for mind diversion.

3. Features

Very professional designers design the features of the botanical garden. The administrative offices also executed that model and maintained that in excellent condition. Administrative offices play a preeminent role in the execution of things. The model is prepared in such a way and in a place where there are healthy plains roads and public transit.

3.01 Treetop Walkway

David Marks prepared the design. It was opened in the year 2008, and it takes visitors on 200 meters long and 18 meters high walk which is 59 ft above the ground, located under the canopy of a woodland glade. In the canopy tree of a woodland glade, visitors can descend and ascend stairs and lift. The walkway floor comprises perforated metal and flexes under the foot, and the whole structure sways in the win.

The accompanying photograph shows a separate section of the walk, including the steel, supports designed to rust. The tree-like appearance helps the walkway fit in visually with its neighbor’s surroundings.

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Image From: Shutterstock

3.02 Sackler Crossing

Sackler Crossing is a bridge that is made up of materials including granite and heavy metal called bronze. Happold and John invented and design it. Therefore, it crosses one lake and is given the name of great philanthropists Dr. Mortimer and  Sackler. It was opened in May the year 2006.

Many people visit the botanical garden for its beautiful landscape, and the Sackler Crossing Bridge is one of the most famous places for tourists to visit. they also visit other places along with this. The botanical garden looks most beautiful in the month of spring. Spring is the month that flourishes the beauty of the garden more. Sackler Crossing is one of the points of attraction in the royal botanical garden.

3.03 The Hive

It was opened in the year 2016 and is a multi-sensory design for the extraordinary life of bees. It stands around 17 meters tall and is a wildflower meadow. Wolfgang Buttress designed it. The hive is created by thousands of aluminum pieces in the shape of a honeycomb. It was first installed as a temporary exhibition, but it was given a permanent home in Kew Gardens due to its popularity.

3.04 Vehicular Tour

Kew Explorer is a type of very famous service which provide visitors to take a complete round circle of the very beautiful botanical garden, which provides road trains fuelled by a special Calor Gas. It is a 72-seater road train. There are various pauses or stops provided along with a driver.

3.05 Compost Heap

Kew Garden has one of the enormous compost heaps in Europe, made from woody waste and green leaves. The garden manure and the stables from the Household Cavalry are used. The compost is mainly used in the gardens, but sometimes it can be auctioned.

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Photo by Kostiantyn Li on Unsplash

3.06 Nash Conservatory

Designed for Buckingham Palace, this was moved to Kew in 1836 by King William 1V. This building was formerly known as the Aroid House No.1 and was used for displaying species of Araceae.

3.07 Orangery

Sir William Chambers designed it and was completed in the year 1761. It measures around 28 by 10 meters. It was too dark and mainly was prepared for the citrus plant’s culture, and they were moved out in 1841. After many changes, now it is used as a restaurant. It is one of the most beautiful restaurants, and it has wonderful dining.

Various events took place in this; the events are based on very things, the events also attract visitors, and they are outstanding. It has so many other features to explore. It also provides parking. The visitors wait for the events which are held here.

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Source: Freepik

Closing Thoughts

Royal botanical gardens (RBG) are also called the Kew Gardens. Other gardens such as Rock, Mediterranean, and Nancy Gordan Rock Gardens are also botanical gardens.

Every garden is like a rock garden. But Nancy Gordon’s rock garden has some specificity in its way. The royal gardens have many excellent and beautiful features which make them different from other botanical gardens. Royal gardens have massive cultivation of different species of plants worldwide.

Many plants are planted in the medicinal garden. It has its own RBG herbaceous perennial collections. The botanical garden is one of the very popular and attractive places for many visitors because of its beauty and infrastructure.

The botanical garden in Hamilton also provides locally sourced ingredients and seasonal ingredients and ecological jewels. The RBG center is the best nature sanctuary.

Last Updated on by Narayani Bhardwaj

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