How Many Provinces and Territories are There in Canada?

Narayani Bhardwaj
Narayani Bhardwaj Things to Know
13 Min Read
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How many provinces and territories in Canada are there? Well, the answer to this question will be given in the article below. All the provinces and territories have their own value and culture. So, let’s get into it.

1. How Many Provinces and Territories in Canada?

1.1. Introduction

There are three territories and ten provinces in Canada. Meanwhile, every territory and province has its own capital city. These are the management sub-national divisions. These are under the Canadian Constitution. The Canadian Confederation was formed in 1867.

It was formed with the three British North American provinces. Further, it includes Nova Scotia, the Province of Canada, and New Brunswick.

how many provinces and territories in canada
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Later, it became an entirely independent country by the next century. Over the years, the borders of Canada have changed quite a few times. It was due to the addition of new territories. Also, the addition of new provinces to the country. A Canadian province receives its powers and under the Constitution Act 1867.

Meanwhile, the governments of territories got their powers from the Parliament of Canada. The Government of Canada appoints powers by the Constitution Act. It is also known as the Federal government.

1.2. List of Provinces in Canada

The country of Canada is comprised of ten provinces. Following is the list of Canadian provinces with their capitals:

  • Ontario – Toronto
  • Alberta – Calgary
  • New Brunswick – Fredericton
  • Saskatchewan – Regina
  • QuebecQuebec City
  • Prince Edward Island – Charlottetown
  • Nova Scotia – Halifax
  • British Columbia – Victoria
  • Newfoundland and Labrador – St. John’s
  • Manitoba – Winnipeg
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Image by alex ohan at pexels

1.3. List of Territories in Canada

There are three territories in the country of Canada. Following are the territories with their capitals:

  • Yukon – Whitehorse
  • Northwest Territories – Yellowknife
  • Nunavut – Iqaluit

1.4.  Regions in Canada

Canada is the 2nd largest country with an area of ten million sq. km. in the world. The 3 oceans surround this country. It includes the Arctic Ocean from the North. Also, the Atlantic Ocean to the East. Along with the Pacific Ocean to the West. However, the Canada-US boundary resides at the southernmost edge of Canada.

The country is entirely comprised of various distinct geographical regions. It consists of five regions, namely:

  • The Northern Territories
  • Central Canada
  • The West Coast
  • The Atlantic Provinces
  • The Prairie Provinces

Given below is the brief information of territories and provinces lies in which region:

  1. The city of Nunawut, Yukon Territory, and Northwest Territories are part of the Northern Territories.
  2. Quebec and Ontario fall under the Central Canada region.
  3. British Columbia lies on The West Coast.
  4. New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland. Also, Labrador and Nova Scotia are part of the Atlantic region.
  5. Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba are included in the Prairie Provinces.

1.4.1.  Ontario

The state of Ontario contributes to the one-third population of Canada. It has a wide and diverse population in culture. However, its strategic locations are elegant. Together with various natural resources are a significant part of its economy. Further, its largest city is Toronto. Meanwhile, it is also a financial hub of the entire country.

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Image by Scott Webb at pexels

Most of the people here are employed in the manufacturing industries. It contributes a high percentage to the exports of Canada. However, its Niagara region is best known for its fruit crops. This also includes wines and vineyards. The farmers in Ontario majorly produce vegetables, beef cattle, grain crops, and dairy.

The state also has a majority of French-speaking people after Quebec. Meanwhile, it is proud to keep its culture and language alive. However, the five great lakes reside between the US and Ontario. These include Lake Huron, Lake Erie, and Lake Michigan. Moreover, Lake Superior and Lake Ontario are also included. Besides, Lake Superior is the world’s largest freshwater lake.

1.4.2.  Alberta

Alberta is the most populous province in the Prairie region. However, the name of the province is inspired by Princess Louise Caroline Alberta. Also, Lake Louise, which lies in the Rocky Mountains. It is also named after Princess Alberta. She was the 4th daughter of Queen Victoria.

Including the Banff National Park, Alberta has a total of five National Parks. There are Dinosaur and prehistoric fossils deposits found in the rugged Badlands. These deposits are the richest in the world. The province of Alberta is also the biggest producer of gas and oil. Further, the state is also famous for agriculture.

1.4.3. New Brunswick

The United Empire Loyalists found this province of New Brunswick. It is located in the Appalachian Range. However, the state has the Atlantic Coastline of North America’s largest river system. This is the St. John’s River system.

Moreover, the primary industries here are fisheries, tourism, and forestry. Mining, agriculture, and food processing are also included.


The largest city here is St. John. It is also the biggest manufacturing center and port. Officially, it is the only bilingual province. Around one-third of the population works and lives in French.

1.4.4.  Saskatchewan

The province of Saskatchewan was once popularly known as the ‘wheat province’. It was also known as the ‘breadbasket of the world’. Also, it is the biggest producer of oilseeds and grains. Its capital is the city of Regina. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police’s training happens here.


Saskatoon is the largest city in Saskatchewan. It also has the mining industry’s headquarters. Also, it is a research, technology, and educational center.

1.4.5.  Quebec

About 8 million people are living here. It has the wide majority of the population along the St. Lawrence River. Over three-forth of the population speak the French language as their 1st language. Canadians helped Quebec to develop with their resources. These are in areas of industry, forestry, mining, energy, etc. Further, it led Quebec as the leading producer of paper and pulp in Canada.

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Image by Francis Desjardins at pexels

Also, the city of Montreal in Quebec is the second largest primarily French-speaking city in the world. It is right after Paris. They are also the highest producer of Hydroelectricity through the huge supply of fresh water. Also, they are a leading producer in aeronautics and pharmaceuticals.

1.4.6.  Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island, Canada

The smallest province in Canada is Prince Edward Island. It is best known for its agriculture, beaches, and red soil. Potatoes are the most notable thing in this province. Further, it is also the Confederation’s birthplace. However, the Confederation Bridge links it to Canada’s mainland. This is the world’s continuous and longest multi-span bridge.

1.4.7.  Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia is the most populous province in the Atlantic region. It includes the great history of “Gateway to Canada”. Further, this is better recognized for the Bay of Fundy’s highest tides. Nova Scotia is also known for shipping.

Also, it is recognized for fisheries and shipbuilding. This province has played a vital role in the defense. Moreover, trade of the Atlantic is also part of it.

Highlights of Nova Scotia, Canada

Also, this is home to the largest naval base in Canada. It has a rich history of agriculture, forestry, and coal mining. Furthermore, the province is packed with more than seven hundred annual festivals. This also includes Halifax’s splendid military tattoo.

1.4.8.  British Columbia

The British Columbia province lies on the Pacific Coast of the country. It is the westernmost province of Canada. Also, it has a population of around 4 million. Further, it has a gateway to the Asia Pacific. This is via the Port of Vancouver.

Around half of the forestry products are produced in British Columbia.

BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA | 14 Amazing Places to Visit in BC Province

It includes paper products, lumber, pulp, and newsprint. Besides Forestry products, this province is also recognized for fruit orchards. Mining, the wine industry, and fishing are also the great part. The city of Victoria is the capital city of British Columbia. This is a great tourist center.

1.4.9.  Newfoundland and Labrador

Explore, Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism

It is North America’s most easterly point with its own time zone. Besides its natural beauty, it also has a distinct heritage connected to the sea. This is also the British Empire’s oldest colony.

In addition, it also has a long history. This is for being known for coastal fishing villages, distinct culture, and fisheries. Also, Labrador has enormous hydroelectric resources.

1.4.10.  Manitoba

Manitoba Canada

The economy of Manitoba is mainly based on agriculture. This also includes hydroelectric power generation and mining. Winnipeg is the most populous city in the Manitoba province. It is also a significant hub of the Ukrainian Culture.


Yukon, Canada | Getaway 2019

During the 1890s Gold Rush, thousands of miners arrived in Yukon. Mining plays a vital role in its economy. The Yukon Territory secures the record for having the coldest temperature ever in Canada. It was -63 degree Celsius. Further, the highest mountain of Canada is Mount Logan. Also, it is located here.

1.4.12. Northwest Territories

Spectacular Northwest Territories

The Northwest Territories were formerly comprised of North-West Territory and Rupert’s Land in 1870. Its capital is Yellowknife City. Also, it is known as the Diamond Capital of North America. Over half of its population is Aboriginal people. However, the Mackenzie River lies in the Northwest Territories. It is North America’s second biggest river system after the Mississippi.

1.4.13. Nunavut

In the Inuktitut language, Nunavut refers to “our land”. It was established in the year 1999. Its capital city is Iqaluit. Originally, it was known as the Frobisher Bay. Martin Frobisher inspired this name. He was an English explorer. Meanwhile, the Inuktitut is a first language here. Also, it is in the schools. About 85% of people here are Inuit.

2.  Conclusion

Canada is one of North America’s great and famous countries. The Pacific Ocean borders it to the west. Meanwhile, the Atlantic Ocean is from the east. According to the land mass, it is the world’s 2nd largest country. It is also best accepted for its gorgeous scenery. Cities like Toronto and Vancouver are popular worldwide.

Last Updated on by Sanjana

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