Scoliosis is a condition of the spine, in which the structure of the spine is not straight. Due to the abnormal structure of the spine, the nerves and muscles around the spine often go through strain, which leads to pain and discomfort.
It often appears in children and it can be congenital. This condition can also be earned at early onset, degenerative, or adolescent idiopathic (stage of a teenager).
Mild Scoliosis pain can be treated by following several healthy habits in your daily routine. There are various remedies and medical treatments that help treat back pain.
1. Know the Symptoms of Scoliosis
There may not be many symptoms shown during the early stages of Scoliosis. It is stated quite true for children. The conditions of Scoliosis can remain unrevealed until children reach the speedy growth stage in adolescence.
Further, often misunderstood as back pain, it is difficult to identify the scoliosis condition in adults. It is a fact in the case of mild back pain.
However, some small signs can point out the abnormal curvature of the spine. Following are the symptoms that can be observed in children to figure out Scoliosis.
- Having abnormal posture.
- Uneven hips can be observed while walking or sitting.
- A shoulder, that is lower or higher than the other, or when there is no symmetrical alignment in the shoulders.
- Observe the spine that may not be visible straight.
- A head that is not visibly straight or centred on the body.
- Hips that often sit on a specific angle.
Scoliosis symptoms to observe in adults.
- Lower Back Pain
- Stiffness in the spine or back
It is recommended to contact your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any of the following conditions. These conditions can occur due to advanced stages of Scoliosis.
- Pain that intrudes on your routine activities.
- Back pain that does not get relief after using home remedies for a week.
- When the pain is observed going down your legs.
2. What Causes Scoliosis Strain in the Back?
Scoliosis pain in adults is more likely the outcome of pressure on facet joints, spinal disks, and muscle pain. But, pain due to Scoliosis can have various other reasons.
An abnormal or unusual curve of the spine can irritate or stretch the nerves. It can also develop strain in joints, which causes inflammation in the back and eventually leads to pain.
Scoliosis also influences your posture which further results in the tightening and stiffness in muscles, frequent fatigue, and pain. Children may face increased spinal curvature without treatment.
3. How To Detect Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a serious disorder, which must be checked by a doctor. Treatment received at the earliest can prevent the spine curve from deteriorating.
You need to tell your doctor the following things to diagnose Scoliosis.
- Areas where you feel the pain often.
- Unusual symptoms that you might have observed.
- Clarify your personal medical case history.
- It is also important to know if you have a family history of Scoliosis.
After getting clarification, the doctor will perform a physical diagnosis. This diagnosis involves a few physical tests to observe any abnormality in your spine and nearby bones.
You might be suggested to do an X-ray. An X-ray will thoroughly show the curve of your spine, which will help detect Scoliosis. An instrument known as a scoliometer can also be used to identify the rotation in your spine.
4. Measures to Treat Scoliosis Back Pain Without Seeing a Doctor
Scoliosis back pain can occur anytime due to various problems like over-exerting yourself physically. To treat this pain following remedies can be taken into account to treat back pain from Scoliosis and give relaxation to the body.
4.1. Hot Pack
Due to the unusual curvature of the spine in Scoliosis, it often leads to back pain and muscle cramps. Using a hot pack for at least 20 minutes can help reduce the pain in the muscles around the spine. It is necessary to wrap a towel around the hot back to protect your skin from burning and rashes.
There can be a stretch applied by the spine on the back muscles, it is crucial to keep your back muscles robust and flexible enough. Plank exercises are recommended to strengthen the back and abdominal muscles of the body.
However, warming up is important before performing any exercise while maintaining a straight back. You can start with a push-up position by holding it for 30 seconds and gradually increase by 60-90 seconds every day. Repeat the position several times daily to swiftly strengthen the core muscles.
Sometimes, scoliosis pain can occur in the back due to overdoing of physical work. To overcome these conditions, rest is the best remedy to treat pain. Give yourself 30-60 minutes of relaxation by lying down to support your neck and lower back.
You can also maintain your spine by keeping a pillow under your back to support the natural curve of the spine and reducing back pain.
4.4. Over-the-Counter Medications
A continuous mild pain in your back that is going down and up your back can sometimes be so annoying, that it is better to go for some over-the-counter painkillers.
These painkillers help provide quick relief. Ibuprofen is a painkiller that easily blocks the pain and lowers the inflammation in the body, but it should only be taken by the recommendation of your doctor.
4.5. Sleeping Habits
If you feel morning pain and stiffness in your back, it can be due to sleeping habits. Back pain often responds well on firm or moderate-firm mattresses. It is better to sleep on firm mattresses to treat Scoliosis pain.
4.6. Warm Joints
Scoliosis pain can occur more in the winter due to the stiffness in the muscles. Wearing warm clothes, exercising, and a comfortable room temperature can help lower the pain. Hot water baths and sunbathing are also useful to overcome this condition.
4.7. Balanced Diet
People suffering from Scoliosis often go through spinal inflammation. A balanced diet that contains anti-inflammatory foods can help reduce back pain. Given below is a healthy recommended diet to treat Scoliosis.
- Drink green tea.
- Eat fresh vegetables and fruits every day.
- Eat different types of nuts such as almonds, walnuts, and cashew nuts as they contain anti-inflammatory properties.
- You can also add some flavour to your food by adding fenugreek, cinnamon, and turmeric.
- Consume healthy fats in a certain limited amount like olive oil, avocados, and coconut oil.
- Omega-3 fatty acids are also suggested to add to your diet. These are found in fishes like sardines, salmon, and mackerel.
It is recommended to avoid foods like vegetable oil, added sugars, processed meat, alcohol, trans fat, and refined carbs.
4.8. Morning Stretch Routine
Morning is the best time to do exercises and yoga, daily stretching in the morning can help treat Scoliosis conditions and improve spinal health. You can simply try performing the Tadasana pose, which is the easiest way to do stretching and hold this pose for a while.
Shalabhasana, side plank, and half forward bend are some recommended poses to treat Scoliosis.
Acupuncture is a traditional Eastern medicine technique that has been tested thoroughly by numerous scientists to provide relief for back pain. It is a method that is known to be effective in case of back pain from Scoliosis and helps restore the usual functionality.
5. Ways to Treat Scoliosis Pain
To treat Scoliosis pain, it is better to treat Scoliosis. There are various treatments available to treat Scoliosis, you can choose the type of treatment based on the intensity of the pain you feel.
5.1. Medicinal Treatment
Taking over-the-counter medicines such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen can help treat Scoliosis pain. However, if these medicines do not work well, it is crucial to consult with a doctor.
They can prescribe more effective drugs or medicines according to the symptoms of your pain or may refer you to a pain clinic.
Further, several antidepressants can also be used to lower the pain. These provide an immediate effect on the pain and improve the mood of an individual.
5.2. Alternative Therapies
Those therapies that do not directly have a connection with the main problem but can help relieve the condition. These therapies include:
- Massage and hydrotherapy.
- Particular types of braces help support your spine.
- Exercising regularly is one of the best alternative therapies. Exercise that strengthens back muscles and stomach is most useful in these conditions. These exercises include yoga, swimming, and stretching, which can relieve back pain.
Counselling is another technique that some doctors may prefer. When medical treatments cannot treat the pain well, counselling can help treat chronic pain issues.
You may encounter CBT counseling, which stands for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. This therapy does not change the intensity of the pain you suffer, but it can assist you in figuring out ways to keep up with it.
A CBT counsellor may help you learn effective methods to deal with the pain.
5.4. Chiropractic Treatment
Chiropractic Treatment is provided to enhance flexibility and reduce pain in the back. This treatment does not cure Scoliosis condition but it is a measure to lower the symptoms of pain.
One must receive this treatment from a chiropractor who is well-experienced with Scoliosis condition.
5.5. Peripheral Nerve Inducement
A percutaneous electrical nerve stimulus device can be useful for people who experience pain due to damaged nerves. This treatment involves mild electrical currents used by electrical wires on the peripheral nerves, which are located near the spinal cord.
5.6. Spinal Vaccinations
Inoculating steroids around the spinal joints and nerves can reduce the pain. However, injections do not provide long-term benefits to the body as these are often used to relieve chronic pain.
6. Tips to Reduce Scoliosis Back Pain
Given below are a few tips to follow to lower the Scoliosis back pain.
6.1. Improve Posture
It is often misunderstood that poor posture can cause Scoliosis. However, poor postures can cause back pain for both types of people whether they are suffering from Scoliosis or not. A good posture reduces back pain and symptoms of Scoliosis as well.
Awareness of posture is crucial for every individual. The posture of your body can be improved by self-observation techniques. Instead of rolling down the back, it is better to keep the back straight always no matter whether you are sitting, standing, or working.
6.2. Be Active
Being physically active can help reduce pain and improve the overall health of the body. Scoliosis may prevent you from doing a few activities but you should try to be as active as possible.
However, if the pain is already unbearable enough, some low-impact exercises like yoga can help lower the pain and stiffness in the spine.
Moreover, swimming is also another way to stay fit and active that can also help treat Scoliosis.
6.3. Massage or Light Stretching
Massage and light stretching are beneficial to treat Scoliosis back pain. It can be done as a part of daily yoga activity or targeted stretching training.
Stretching mainly focuses on the lengthening of the spine. However, one must consult a Scoliosis healthcare provider to perform stretching exercises that improve flexibility.
Further, stretching exercises or massages should be done properly from both sides of the body. Repetitive movements from only one side can make the condition and pain worse.
6.4. Avoid Prolonged Standing/Sitting
Avoiding prolonged sitting during work hours, studying, or other activities can be beneficial. One must consider changing posture every 20-30 minutes whether standing or sitting. Regardless of Scoliosis treatment, it is an effective approach to keep the back healthy and active that also contributes to reduced pain.
It is beneficial to diagnose Scoliosis at an early stage and receive useful and effective treatments at the earliest to treat the Scoliosis pain thoroughly. Serious curvature of the spine can lead to damaged muscles, tissues, or nerves that might be permanent.
A permanent tissue damage can cause long-term pain and the treatment received may not help you completely get rid of that pain. However, after a precise examination, a well-crafted treatment plan suggested by a doctor can be taken into account to treat Scoliosis conditions and pain.