Under the Veil of Secrecy: Canada’s Growing Transparency Problem

Divya Politics
6 Min Read

Canada faces a growing transparency problem that challenges the core of its democratic values. This issue has been brought into sharp relief by recent events and judicial decisions, highlighting a tension between the necessity of cabinet secrecy within the Westminster system and the public’s right to governmental transparency and accountability.

Watch this video to uncover the growing transparency problem within Canadian democracy, particularly concerning cabinet secrecy. Recent events, such as the invocation of a public order emergency during the trucker convoy protests, have intensified concerns about the lack of disclosure of cabinet confidences to oversight bodies. Delve into the debate surrounding the balance between governmental confidentiality and the public’s right to know, as Canada grapples with unprecedented levels of secrecy.

Justin Trudeau

Historical Context and Principles

Cabinet secrecy is a pivotal element of the Westminster system, rooted in the principle of collective responsibility. It ensures that discussions within the cabinet remain confidential to enable ministers to freely express their views, debate policies, and reach consensus without the pressure of public scrutiny. This confidentiality is intended to foster a safe space for the frank and open exchange of ideas, crucial for informed decision-making.

Controversies and Public Scrutiny

Recent events, notably the Trudeau government’s response to the trucker convoy protests, have thrust cabinet secrecy into the spotlight, raising questions about its extent and limits. Critics argue that the government’s refusal to disclose certain cabinet confidences, even to oversight bodies, challenges the democratic principle of transparency. This has sparked a public and scholarly debate, questioning whether the traditional justifications for cabinet secrecy still hold in the face of demands for greater accountability and transparency in governance.

Supreme Court Decision and Its Implications

A recent Supreme Court decision has further exacerbated concerns around government transparency. Critics argue that this decision allows national security considerations to be used excessively as a shield against transparency, thus denying lawmakers, and by extension the public, access to crucial information on government actions and decisions.

Provincial Resistance to Corporate Transparency

Parallel to the issue of cabinet secrecy, Canada’s attempt to address corporate secrecy and financial crime faces obstacles. A report by Transparency International Canada warns that without significant cooperation from provinces and territories, federal efforts to establish a national corporate ownership registry might falter. Despite federal initiatives to strip criminals of secretive shell companies, the lack of basic shareholder data collection and verification at the provincial and territorial levels poses a significant threat to these efforts.

The Pandora Papers and International Scrutiny

The Pandora Papers investigation, which revealed how wealthy Canadians use secretive incorporations to hide wealth, has placed Canada’s financial secrecy issues on the global stage. This scrutiny underscores the urgent need for reform and greater transparency in corporate ownership, not just in Canada but as part of a broader international push against financial secrecy.

Cabinet and corporate secrecy are governed by a complex legal framework designed to balance the need for confidentiality with the public’s right to know. Laws like the Canada Evidence Act and Access to Information Act outline the boundaries of this secrecy. However, the application of these laws often leads to ethical dilemmas. On one hand, confidentiality is necessary for candid discussions and national security; on the other hand, democracy demands transparency and accountability from its leaders.

Impact on Democracy and Governance

The practice of maintaining secrecy has significant implications for democracy and governance. While some level of confidentiality is necessary, excessive secrecy can erode public trust and undermine democratic accountability. The lack of transparency can prevent citizens from fully understanding government actions and decisions, hindering informed public discourse and participation. Ultimately, finding the right balance between secrecy and transparency is crucial for the health of Canada’s political system and the trust placed in it by its citizens.

The Path Forward: Recommendations for Enhancing Transparency

To address these transparency problems, the report recommends a balanced approach to cabinet secrecy that ensures oversight and accountability while protecting the necessary confidentiality of government deliberations. Additionally, it calls for a concerted effort from both federal and provincial governments to establish a robust corporate ownership registry, emphasizing the importance of public access to this information for combating corruption and financial crime.


Canada’s transparency problem is a multifaceted issue that spans from cabinet secrecy to corporate financial practices. Addressing it requires a concerted effort from all levels of government and a reevaluation of the balance between secrecy and transparency. As Canada moves forward, the trust and confidence of the public in their government and its institutions hang in the balance, making the push for greater transparency not just a policy issue, but a fundamental democratic imperative.

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